Restoration of a mammary gland after mastectomy in Cuba.


恢復在古巴的乳腺。

The restoration of the mammary gland after surgery for breast cancer is absolutely free for all Cuban women in the universal health care system of the island.

(1)Bitter melon prevents breast cancer
The extract of a plant that is common in India and China, bitter melon, triggers a cascade of events that eliminates breast cancer cells and prevents them from multiplying, according to a study by the University of Saint Louis in the United States that published in Cancer Research.

Fuente:http://boletinaldia.sld.cu/aldia/2010/02/27/el-melon-amargo-previene-el-cancer-de-mama/

(2)Ayurveda has recommended the use of bitter melon (Momordica charantia) as a functional food to prevent and treat diabetes and associated complications. It is noteworthy to mention that bitter melon extract has no major side effects in animals as well as in humans. We have recently discovered an anti-proliferative effect of bitter melon extract in a number of cancer cell lines including prostate without affecting the normal cell growth. Treatment of prostate cancer cells with bitter melon extract modulated Bax expression and induced PARP cleavage.

Fuente:http://fundedresearch.cancer.gov/search/details;jsessionid=DF37F3224A5B0136B6860E66D5DDE27F?action=abstract&grantNum=5R21CA137424-02&grantID=8037193&grtSCDC=FY%202011&absID=8037193&absSCDC=CURRENT

.
對於這些婦女被診斷患有癌症什麼叫改良根治術(MRM)是一個過程,而不是以前做根治術,因為它保留了乳房的肌肉。
一旦運行,乳腺癌的女性受害者可以再看看你的胸圍,使用的乳房假體,異體材料和進口矽凝膠穩步感謝衛生部批准的項目, 。

To which women are diagnosed with cancer are subjected to what is called modified radical mastectomy (MRM) is a procedure that opposed the radical mastectomy that was done previously, because it preserves the breast muscles.
Once operated, the female victim of breast cancer can look again your bust, with the use of breast implants-alloplastic material and silicone gel-imported steadily, thanks to the approval of a project of the Ministry of Public Health .

Lenia Dr. Sanchez Wals, first degree specialist of Plastic and team member Caumatología Service Reconstructive Surgery Oncology Hospital in Havana, says that women should undergo chemotherapy and / or radiotherapy in the two years following the surgery.

Then, if satisfactory results are obtained in the complementary analysis was applied in mammography and radiography of the unaffected breast and, above all, holding a proven emotional stability, may choose breast reconstruction, if desired .

This procedure, with a duration of one year or more, adds Dr can be performed by various techniques, depending on the availability of the resultant fabric and the individual characteristics of each patient.

“If the patient retains his pectoral muscle and has not received, then the MRM, radiotherapy sessions, you can rebuild the breast by tissue expansion method first and, after this, attach a prosthesis.
The Cuban Way to restoration of a mammary gland:
In other countries permanent expanders are used, but in our one is placed at the patient of 300, 400 or 500 cm3 and infiltrates is 40 to 60 milliliters of saline every week, through a valve in the line accessory axillary, which ensures the expansion of the skin.

“After two or three months, the expander is removed and a prosthesis placed permanently. After the same period of time do nipple reconstruction with local flaps, using local anesthesia and then reconstructs the areola by grafting surgical method or technique Tattoo “explained Sanchez Wals.

– How is the procedure if the patient does not preserve the pectoral muscle?

-In this case, or that received radiotherapy yes, the reconstruction procedure is different.

“No expansion is used, but this is by myocutaneous flaps, with the use of microsurgery. We connect the arteries and veins of a place to arteries and veins elsewhere, ie for vascular anastomosis.

“They require prerequisites, as the woman is a smoker, or diabetic, for example. Furthermore, the method used for the reconstruction depends on whether or not had offspring.

“A woman who has experienced childbirth or no excess abdominal skin, breast reconstruction warranted by the method of the latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flaps, consisting deinsertion lats back, rotate forward, feeding by artery, and then ensure that the skin and breast volume absent the prosthesis.

“If a woman has had children or has excess abdominal skin, you can use the method called TRAM abdominal, ie transverse myocutaneous rectus abdominis, through which we reconstruct the breast tissue itself of this area body and raising the rectus’ pormenorizó specialist.

Prevention is key.
. Nevertheless, the most important is prevention, warns oncologist Mestre Braulio Fernandez. In recent years the number has grown increasingly younger patients with this condition, which responds to many risk factors, modifiable and non-modifiable, that affect it.

“The appearance of the first period with less than ten years, late menopause, genetic conditions, failure or them having children after 30 years increasingly common choice in contemporary women-and the very condition of being Women are not modifiable factors of high incidence, because although men can also have breast cancer, only one percent of them respect, “he adds.

“The important thing, Mestre Fernandez insists, is to see a doctor if any symptoms, early detection of disease, and perform breast self-examination regularly.

‘Breast cancer can not be assumed as a locoregional disease, but systemic and profound implications from the standpoint of physical, psychological and emotional for women “, said the specialist.

All procedures, both surgical, involve risks, said Dr. Sanchez Lenia Wals, but the benefit to women is extraordinary.

“The breast is, par excellence, the organ of sexuality and sensuality of women, a symbol of her femininity. With these interventions, highly costly in other nations and in ours totally free, raising self-esteem and psychological-emotional stability of women is perfectly secured. It is more than a breast reconstruction, the rebirth of his spirit, “he concluded.

 
 Source: NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTEhttp://fundedresearch.cancer.gov/
 Relate articles:

Abstract
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The incidence of cancer is increasing worldwide, in spite of substantial progress in the development of anticancer therapies. One approach to control cancer could be its prevention by diet, which inhibit one or more neoplastic events and reduce the cancer risk. For centuries, Ayurveda has recommended the use of bitter melon (Momordica charantia) as a functional food to prevent and treat diabetes and associated complications. It is noteworthy to mention that bitter melon extract has no major side effects in animals as well as in humans. We have recently discovered an anti-proliferative effect of bitter melon extract in a number of cancer cell lines including prostate without affecting the normal cell growth. Treatment of prostate cancer cells with bitter melon extract modulated Bax expression and induced PARP cleavage. Based on our preliminary results, we hypothesize that bitter melon extract may have chemopreventive activity against cancer. To test our hypothesis, we will use prostate cancer as a preclinical model. Aim 1 will evaluate chemopreventive potential of BME against prostate cancer using animal models, and Aim 2 will determine the molecular targets of bitter melon extract for inhibition of human prostate cancer. The results from our proposed study will elucidate the proof-of-concept for prevention or delay of prostate cancer using bitter melon extract, and will have a high potential for translational research. The results from our study will also provide a foundation for future studies for identification of active bitter melon constituent(s) inhibiting prostate cancer. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in men. Our proposed study will establish the role of bitter melon as a dietary product for prostate cancer prevention in experimental animal models, which will eventually be translated into clinical trial.(3)A technology developed in Cuba by the Center immunoassay to detect possible precancerous lesions and remove them before they become a tumor maligno.

Fuente:Screening test for cancer in Cuba gets approved by the Ministry of Health.
The test, based on SUMA technology, to detect fecal occult blood, a risk marker for the diagnosis of colorectal cancer

link:http://www.juventudrebelde.cu/ciencia-tecnica/2012-08-31/prueba-para-pesquisa-de-cancer-obtiene-en-cuba-registro-sanitario/

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